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Garden Blog PARC'S | 6 January 2023

Plant of the month January: Polystichum setiferum (shield ferns)

Shield fern "Polystichum setiferum" beautifies the garden with its winter green foliage even in the cold season.

Plant profile

Botanical name: Polystichum setiferum
German name: Schildfarne (Grannen-Schildfarne)
Family: Wurmfarngewächse (Dryopteridaceae)
Flowering time: Depending on variety evergreen
Flowers: Broodbuds
iage: Dull green, pinnate, leaf margin toothed
Growth habit
: Perennial, 30 to 40 cm tall
: Europe

Shield fern details

Polystichum setiferum is a fern which, depending on the variety, remains green even in winter and does not need to be cut back. Interesting brood buds and finely divided leaflets form on the fern's deep green fronds. The filigree fern grows flat and spreading and reaches a growth width of up to 50 cm. For this reason, the fern should be placed at a sufficient distance from other plants.

Polystichum setiferum 'Proliferum' belongs to the family of worm ferns. The shield ferns or also called awn shield ferns are very easy to care for and like a humusy, moist and well-drained soil in a semi-shaded location.

Use of the shield ferns in the design

The filigree fronds and overbent growth habit of Polystichum setiferum 'Proliferum' bring lightness to the garden. The fern breaks up woody borders and provides variety. In winter, glittering hoarfrost further embellishes the fern's fronds. The puffy leaf shape and the beautiful contrast between the dark stems and the green foliage make the fern a very special plant.

Polystichum setiferum 'Proliferum' is often used as ground cover under deciduous trees. The fern's elegant style makes it suitable for both modern and naturally designed gardens.

PARC'S references with Polystichum setiferum 

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